GIT Robot’s Tactile Sensing Makes Human Contact No Big Deal
Advantages include improved contact, performance of tasks for human assistance
By RoboticsTrends' News Sources - Filed May 02, 2013
A group of roboticists at the Department of Biomedical Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta have developed a touch system that allows a robot to feel its way around various situations. Publishing their results in the International Journal of Robotics Research, the team revealed a new kind of robotic mechanism that uses a combination of touch and sight to navigate delicate maneuvers. Facilitated by what the team calls "artificial skin," the development allows to robotic arm to feel its way through clutter and actually pick out specific objects, in much the same way as a human would.
“Up until now, the dominant strategies for robot manipulation have discouraged contact between the robot’s arm and the world,” said Charlie Kemp, lead researcher and associate professor in the Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering at Georgia Tech and Emory University. “Instead of avoiding contact, our approach enables the arm to make contact with objects, people and the rest of the robot while keeping forces low.”
Kemp, director of Georgia Tech’s Healthcare Robotics Lab, his graduate students and researchers at Meka Robotics have developed a control method that works in tandem with compliant robotic joints and whole-arm tactile sensing. This technology keeps the robot’s arm flexible and gives the robot a sense of touch across its entire arm.
With their control method, Kemp’s robots have performed numerous tasks, such as reaching through dense artificial foliage and a cinder block representative of environments that search-and-rescue robots can encounter.
Kemp's lab also has promising results that could impact the future of assistive robotics. They have developed tactile sensors made out of stretchable fabric that covers the entire arm of a robot.
In a preliminary trial with the new control method and sensors, a person with quadriplegia used the robot to perform tasks for himself. He was able to pull a blanket over himself and grab a cloth to wipe his face, all while he was in bed at his home.This trial was conducted as part of the Robots for Humanity project with Willow Garage. In order to ensure safety, researchers from Kemp’s lab closely monitored the activities.
“I think it’s a good safety feature because it hardly presses against me even when I tell it to,” reported the participant, Henry Evans, after the trial. “It really feels safe to be close to the robot.”
Evans was also impressed by how the robot’s arm “just wriggles around obstacles.”Kemp’s research team has also released the designs and code for the sensors and controller as open source hardware and software so that researchers and hobbyists can build on the work.The research is part of an ongoing effort to create a new foundation for robotics, where contact between the robot’s arm and the world is encouraged.
“Our belief is that this approach is the way of the future for robots,” said Kemp, who is also a member of Georgia Tech’s Center for Robotics and Intelligent Machines. “It is going to allow robots to better operate in our homes, our workplaces and other complex environments.”