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Researchers Develop Permanent DNA-Based Data-Storage Device
01/06/12 —   In an effort to make data storage more cost-effective, a group of researchers from National Tsing Hua University in Taiwan and the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology in Germany have created a DNA-based memory device that is "write-once-read-many-times" (WORM), and that uses ultraviolet (UV) light to make it possible to…

Dinosaur and Lizard Tails Inspire Robot Designers
01/05/12 —   Leaping lizards have a message for robots: Get a tail! University of California, Berkeley, biologists and engineers including undergraduate and graduate students recently studied how lizards manage to leap successfully even when they slip and stumble, and found that swinging the tail upward is the key to preventing a…

Navy Researchers Investigate Small-Scale Autonomous Planetary Explorers
01/04/12 —   Robotic exploration to remote regions, including distant planetary bodies, is often limited by energy requirements to perform, in repetition, even the simplest tasks. With this in mind, researchers at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory are looking into a novel approach that could some day aid scientific space and planetary…

UCLA neuroscientists demonstrate crucial advances in ‘brain reading’
12/23/11 —   At UCLA's Laboratory of Integrative Neuroimaging Technology, researchers use functional MRI brain scans to observe brain signal changes that take place during mental activity. They then employ computerized machine learning (ML) methods to study these patterns and identify the cognitive state — or sometimes the thought process — of human…

Bluefin Spray Glider Completes Two-Month Shallow Op Test
12/20/11 —   Bluefin Robotics announced that its Bluefin Spray Glider recently completed a two-month deployment conducted by the Glider Research and Operations Center (GROC) at Florida Atlantic University’s Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute (HBOI). The Spray Glider operations took place at Pully Ridge near the West Florida Shelf in approximately 60 meters…

On the Road to Plasmonics With Silver Polyhedral Nanocrystals
12/06/11 —   The question of how many polyhedral nanocrystals of silver can be packed into millimeter-sized supercrystals may not be burning on many lips but the answer holds importance for one of today’s hottest new high-tech fields – plasmonics! Researchers with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory…

Flex-Fuel Fuel Cells Provide New Levels of Efficiency
12/02/11 —   When most people hear the words "fuel cell," they think of eco-friendly, hydrogen-powered cars that emit nothing more than water. And that, says Professor Eric Wachsman, director of the University of Maryland Energy Research Center (UMERC), is one of the reasons we're all not driving one. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) recent…

Game-Changing Discoveries Could Speed Quantum Computer Development
11/23/11 —   Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh have made advances in better understanding correlated quantum matter that could change technology as we know it, according to a study published in the Nov. 20 edition of the journal Nature.  W. Vincent Liu, associate professor of physics in Pitt’s Department of Physics and Astronomy,…

Research Team Seeks to Accelerate Robotic Innovation
11/10/11 —   Researchers from three universities are collaborating to develop a new generation of design software that can accurately predict the physical behavior of robots prior to prototyping. "One of our goals is to find a way to do virtual testing so that key flaws can be found on a computer…

Design Rules Enable Scientists to Use DNA to Build Nanomaterials with Desired Properties
10/14/11 —   Nature is a master builder. Using a bottom-up approach, nature takes tiny atoms and, through chemical bonding, makes crystalline materials, like diamonds, silicon and even table salt. In all of them, the properties of the crystals depend upon the type and arrangement of atoms within the crystalline lattice. Now,…

Rice Physicists Move One Step Closer to Quantum Computer
10/09/11 —   Rice University physicists have created a tiny "electron superhighway" that could one day be useful for building a quantum computer, a new type of computer that will use quantum particles in place of the digital transistors found in today's microchips. In a recent paper published in the journal Physical…

Seaweed Polymer May Improve Electrodes in Lithium-Ion Batteries
09/26/11 —   By looking to Mother Nature for solutions, researchers have identified a promising new binder material for lithium-ion battery electrodes that could not only boost energy storage, but also eliminate the use of toxic compounds now used in manufacturing the components. Known as alginate, the material is extracted from common,…

Physicists Demonstrate a Quantum Processor and Quantum Memory on a Chip
09/06/11 —   A new paradigm in quantum information processing has been demonstrated by physicists at UC Santa Barbara.  The researchers demonstrated a quantum integrated circuit that implements the quantum von Neumann architecture. In this architecture, a long-lived quantum random access memory can be programmed, using a quantum central processing unit, all…

Pathogen Research Inspires Robotics Design for Medicine and Military
09/01/11 — Mingjun Zhang, associate professor in mechanical, aerospace and biomedical engineering, at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, and his team have made significant findings about the swimming and attachment of the microorganism Giardia. Giardia causes one of the most common gastrointestinal diseases in the world, giardiasis. For 250 years, scientists have…

Football Analysis Leads to Advance in Artificial Intelligence
08/25/11 —   Computer scientists in the field of artificial intelligence have made an important advance that blends computer vision, machine learning and automated planning, and created a new system that may improve everything from factory efficiency to airport operation or nursing care. And it’s based on watching the Oregon State University Beavers…

IBM Debuts Cognitive Computing Chips
08/19/11 — IBM researchers have unveiled a new generation of experimental computer chips designed to emulate the brain’s abilities for perception, action and cognition. The technology could yield many orders of magnitude less power consumption and space than used in today’s computers. In a sharp departure from traditional concepts in designing and…

UMass Amherst Researchers Discover New Properties of Bacteria-Produced Nanowires
08/13/11 — The discovery of a fundamental, previously unknown property of microbial nanowires in the bacterium Geobacter sulfurreducens that allows electron transport across long distances could revolutionize nanotechnology and bioelectronics, says a team of physicists and microbiologists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. Their findings reported in the Aug. 7 advance online issue of Nature…

Argonne Scientists Design Self-Assembling “Micro-Robots”
08/13/11 — Alexey Snezhko and Igor Aronson, physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, have coaxed "micro-robots" to do their bidding. The robots, just half a millimeter wide, are composed of microparticles. Confined between two liquids, they assemble themselves into star shapes when an alternating magnetic field is…




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